Heat stroke can be life-threatening – do you know the signs?

Heat Stroke can be life-threatening.

With heat wave warnings in effect, rising temperatures and exposure to the heat and sun can lead to a heat related emergency. Prolonged exposure can increase the risk of dehydration and the potential for heat stroke which is the body’s inability to regulate its temperature.  The body overheats to a temperature of 40 C (104 F) or higher, usually due to excessive exercise or lengthy exposure to warm temperatures and/or sun.

Heat stroke is a medical emergency.  It should be treated immediately. The longer it takes to receive medical treatment, the greater the risk for serious complications.  The increase in body temperature can damage muscles and organs such as the brain, heart and kidneys and even cause death.

According to the Canadian Red Cross the signs and symptoms of heat stroke include:

  • Cramps or muscle tightening, usually in the legs and abdomen but they can be in other parts of the body too
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness, weakness, and feeling faint
  • Skin that is flush or paler than usual, or damp skin
  • Rapid shallow breathing
  • Irritable, bizarre, or aggressive behaviour

Additional symptoms can also include a fast, strong pulse, blood pressure changes, either high or low, confusion and loss of consciousness.

If you suspect someone is suffering from heat stroke, the Red Cross recommends:

  • Moving the person to a cooler place
  • Give the person cool water to drink in sips
  • Have the person loosen clothing
  • Fan the person
  • Put cool water on the person’s skin, use wet cool clothes
  • If the person’s condition is severe, put covered ice packs in each armpit and on the back of the person’s neck
  • Call for help (EMS/9-1-1)

Those most vulnerable to heat stroke are children, athletes, those who work outdoors, the elderly, those on certain medications and those with chronic illnesses such as heart disease, poor blood circulation, obesity and mental illness. The Centre for Disease Control states the elderly and people with chronic medical conditions are more vulnerable to extreme heat for several reasons; they may be less likely to sense temperature changes and the effects of heat stroke may be worse with certain medications.

Prevention is key.  Measures to take are to stay cool and hydrated.  Wear light clothing.  Don’t over exert yourself or exercise in the heat and stay indoors in an air conditioned place.  In extreme temperatures, a fan is not a substitute for an air-conditioner.  Take a cool shower, head to a public recreation centre or public library.  Drink plenty of liquids excluding alcohol and sugary beverages.  Certain medical conditions may require limited fluid intake.  Therefore, in such circumstances, it is advisable to seek medical direction.  Keep your pets hydrated too.  Be sure to provide ample water, shade and a cool place for your pets.

Be aware of heat advisories and extreme heat alerts in your area.  Watch the local news and be familiar with cooling shelter locations in your city.  Lastly, use the buddy system.  If you are living on your own, have a friend, relative or neighbour check on you regularly.

Article written by Rita Ganassini, SOS First Aid

 

 

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SOS First Aid and Safety Training services the following Southern Ontario communities: Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Mississauga, Oakville, Burlington, Milton, Guelph, Vaughan, Woodbridge, Maple, Richmond Hill, Brampton, Acton, Georgetown, Hamilton, Ancaster, Brantford, Stoney Creek, St. Catherines, and Welland.

Customer Reviews

Had a great experience there!! Well structured and organized information, been a while since I’d been to “class”. The instructor Patty, was phenomenal, makes everyone feel welcomed and ensures you have a thorough understanding of the information being presented. Would highly recommend SOS for any and all of your first aid training requirements. Thanks for everything Patty, you inspired this momma:)
Lydia Zeman
Lydia Zeman
Great program. Took Standard Firat Aid C, and Patty and Marita were fantastic!! Learned a lot in short time and shown the proper way to conduct CPR. Would suggest anyone capable of doing CPR/standard first aid should attend this course, especially if you are worried about doing CPR/first aid wrong. They show how it's done properly and give you the confidence to do it. Also very accommodating.
Michelle Sone
Michelle Sone
Fun class made easy to learn and retain information with instructors Patty & Marita highly recommend for first aid , CPR Level C & AED
Lori Corkin
Lori Corkin
I just took the course at SOS in Mississauga for emergency first aid. My instructor Patty was amazing she is very engaging and made sure that everyone's questions were answered and clarified anything that was confusing. I have already recommended this course to my fellow classmates. I also had trouble on the website to register as a student in order to get the discount. However, the staff was really amazing when I called and refunded me the amount in order for me to receive the student discount. I would definitely recommend SOS to anyone who is looking either to get emergency first aid or standard first aid done. I would also do my re-certification at SOS!
Mary Best
Mary Best
Just finished my standard first aid cpr-c course , it was amazing ... patty was a great instructor , she was informative, fun and very organized ... the two days went by so smoothly and so fast ... didnt even feel the time go by because it was great :) i would definitely come back for a recert :)
shaza selim
shaza selim
I participated in an Emergency First Aid Course with SOS in Mississauga. Their location in Square one at 4141 Living Arts Drive was excellent. Patty as a course Instructor also was full of knowledge and experience. Attending a class with her was really enjoyable and fun filled. I appreciate SOS for choosing such an excellent location and hiring some of the best instructors in the field.
Jhumki Laksar
Jhumki Laksar
Yesterday I had the privilege to take the CPR level C course at the Living Arts Center in Mississauga . It was my very first time taking this course and I didn't know what to expect. However, I need to let you know that the course was very informative and I had an amazing experience and all because of my instructor, Patty. She is very knowledgeable and has so much experience, and knows how to deliver information in a fun way which keeps the class very engaged. She is also very accommodating and makes sure to personally clean all the tools you use to ensure they are sanitary. I am very thankful for everything she taught me and I highly recommend everyone to take this course.
Hedviga Zareczky
Hedviga Zareczky
Excellent course that provided the training I needed. Thoroughly enjoyed instructor Sam! His wealth of knowledge was impressive. Would definitely recommend this course to anybody.
Lloyd Dyson
Lloyd Dyson
Such a great course! Patty was so helpful and super easy to understand. So accommodating to everyone and worked hard to ensure success for everyone. A Course I will definitely be recommending!
cara castillo
cara castillo
The training was great! Our instructor, Patty, was amazing! She kept the class engaging and positive. Would recommend it to everyone! Thank you!
Manu A.Rajah
Manu A.Rajah
Amazing instructor! Really learned to save lives and I feel confident to do it in my feel of work. Thank you Patty!
Endy s
Endy s
Patty did an excellent job teaching our first aid training.She made the course fun and very informative.She is very passionate about what she does based on her own life experiences that she graciously shared with us.Thanks Patty for the training and confidence I would need if ever put in a life threatening situation.
Donna Greeley
Donna Greeley
Patty was absolutely an amazing teacher.. Very friendly and down to earth.. She knows what she is talking about... I would recommend Patty to teach any class.
Austin Gosse
Austin Gosse
A great way to get your First Aid Cert. Minimum two day for standard which yes seems long and a waste of a weekend, but it goes by fast and lots of fun practice.
villagemayor
villagemayor
Excellent First Aid CPR-C/BLS courses, easy to understand and detailed explanations, instructor made the course very interesting and fun so we don't lose our focus, our instructor Patty, Jessica was excellent with the scientific proof, and answered all the question passionately, situational and interesting activities. I was able to fully understand the importance of First aid, new information about the first aid. completed the course with excellent score and understanding.Thank you Patty and Jessica!
정한석
정한석
Patty was a great instructor,knowledgable and her paramedic work experience taught us alot I would recommend everybody to do first aid CPR course from Patty Thank-you.
Soulat Ali
Soulat Ali
Took this course 2 weeks back. Patty is very knowledgeable and she knows what she's doing. she goes above & beyond to make sure that we understand everything being taught. I highly recommend Instructor Patty. Thank you
Aim Harry
Aim Harry
I just completed my standard first aid with CPR - C and it was fantastic. The instructor Patty was so informative and sweet; I enjoyed the course so much, it went by so quickly. It was a great experience, I am so glad I took this course. I really do feel so much more confident knowing that I have the knowledge of how to deal with first aid situations that I could encounter in the future. Actually after finishing it, I want to register for more informative courses to get my training level higher. It made me want to register as a first responder in my college.
Alisa Boyarkin
Alisa Boyarkin
I took the wilderness first aid course with SOS First Aid and I loved it, I have also taken the standard first aid courses with this company, I've had a great experience everytime
Patrick Sacco
Patrick Sacco
Took the 2 day standard first aid combo course and it was great. Class size was nice and small, and more importantly, Kathryn was a great instructor. Thanks again Kathryn.
Ali Amin
Ali Amin
It was a great class for me because I learn a lot. Patty is great teacher she made everything easy to understand. There were lots of example and experience for titles. The more important thing was that the class wasn't boring at all. Thanks for all of that patty.
Nasrin Bina
Nasrin Bina
Our instructor(Patty Turnbull) T was very nice. I felt totally comfortable in her class. She seemed very experienced and had many examples to visualize a situation and circumstances for us. I liked her approach to instruction. It was my second time that I participated in CPR and First Aid course but I learned a lot in Patty's course. The room was appropriate and comfortable from different aspects like heat, chairs, noise and etc.
Maryam Molkabadin
Maryam Molkabadin
Great course this weekend wilderness first aid basic. Lots of information and very good instructors thank you Heather and Michelle
David Scarr
David Scarr
Patty is a phenomenal instructor! Engaging and hilarious, I would take another course with her in a heartbeat.
Marci Nash
Marci Nash
SOS First Aid is one of the best training companies I've worked with. They are extremely professional and knowledgeable. They are a great partner to work with!
Dan MacDonald
Dan MacDonald
Zhike Zhang
Zhike Zhang
I had a great experience with my recertification! Amit was an incredible instructor - very knowledgeable, clear and concise. He clearly demonstrated the use of the AED, first aid practises as well as CPR. I highly recommend his class!
lauren rowbottom
lauren rowbottom
The course is very informative and I recommend for anyone who needs to receive any sort of cpr or first aid certification to do it at SOS first aid. My instructor Amit was great, funny and informative, when I recertify I hope I get him again!
Cy w
Cy w
Amit is a great hands on trainer. Would recommend if looking for CPR and AED training
ahmed chakib
ahmed chakib
Nathalie Garratt
Nathalie Garratt
Tyson a real one Amazing experience and class taught by tyson
Saleh Chaudhry
Saleh Chaudhry
Tyson is my dawgs he tought me how to save babies.
Aaliyah Isaac
Aaliyah Isaac
The class was amazing, they didn't rush with us . We were all engaged and Tyson was one of the best mentors ever
Thekillaah Show
Thekillaah Show
Heba B
Heba B
Great class and great instructors (Kathryn and tyson)
Meena Kirupakaran
Meena Kirupakaran
great instructors very active and left the course knowing what to do in emergency cases
Aous Salih
Aous Salih
Justin Lu
Justin Lu
I was given the opportunity to take the SOS First Aid and Safety Training at the Living arts center in Mississauga. Patty is an amazing and informative instructor. She made sure that we understood everything clearly. I enjoyed the last two days in her class!!!
Erica Baluyot
Erica Baluyot
Had Amit as an instructor, he was very engaging and kept the 8 hour course interesting despite the large class size. A much better experience than I've had before with first aid courses and I definitely feel that I learned a lot more.
Benjamin Korol
Benjamin Korol
This weekend I took my first aid course. My instructor Amit was phenomenal! He made the class fun, very informative. I really enjoyed the experience and knowledge learned and the hands on methodology. I would definitely recommend others to take the class.
Denisha Gilliam
Denisha Gilliam
Awesome experience with Amit ...nice and informative
Yogita Sarda
Yogita Sarda
Amazing instructor, Amit, kept the class interesting and easy to learn! Would recommend!
Kaley Redmond
Kaley Redmond
Very good training, highly recommend it! Thank you Amit!
Cecilia Garza
Cecilia Garza
My Trainers were Amit and Alley. Both of them are amazing.The class was very informative interactive and not boring at all.
Maaheen Mushtaq
Maaheen Mushtaq
Amit is an awesome and informative instructor. He kept the class very engaging. Thank you for helping me develop my knowledge in CPR and First Aid!
Khausi Visakan
Khausi Visakan
The course was very informative and Amit was professional in his teaching and knowledge and made the course very interesting....Godric
Godric Pereira
Godric Pereira
Amit was a fantastic instructor! He made our first aid course very informative and fun! Rather than a boring PowerPoint it was very hands on and engaging. If I ever need recertification or to reccomended a place for training this is the first place I would tell them to go. Thank you!
Siddique Baksh
Siddique Baksh
Pankaj Desai
Pankaj Desai
The company arranged this course for us. Amit the facilitator passed on the information in a very engaging manner. We all loved it and would recommend this course to everyone. Very helpful information that can help you to save a life.
Yasir Malik
Yasir Malik

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