Safe Cargo Securement Best Practices

Safe Cargo Securement Practices

Safe Cargo Securement Best Practices

The other day I was travelling on the highway, and I happened to pass a vehicle parked on the shoulder, that had been carrying a load of wooden planks. There were several men scrambling all over the vehicle, attempting to gather planks that had fallen off, so that they could re-secure them to the truck. It was obvious that the planks had not been secured properly when the journey began, which caused them to fall off at some point. This was obviously a safety concern, and I could not help but think that they were lucky that their unstable load had not injured anyone.

Accidents due to improperly secured cargo can make up as much as two thirds of all road accidents in certain jurisdictions. Proper load securement is especially necessary in North America, as trucks commonly share roads with other vehicles. One study in the US found that within a 4-year period, load securement violations were the cause of 200,000 accidents. These accidents led to 500 deaths and 39,000 injuries.

An example of a severe case of improper cargo securement occurred in September of 2019, when a vehicle driving in Alberta was stopped by police. The vehicle was carrying three pieces of heavy farming machinery in a precarious manner and was on its way to a scrapyard. The vehicle was stopped, because of reports that its cargo was hitting overpasses and signs, and the driver was fined $2000. This scenario could have resulted in a devastating accident and the driver was certainly not practicing safe cargo securement. The issue was not so much with the type of load that was being carried, but the way in which the machinery was being transported. It is also possible that the vehicle being used was not the correct one for the job, or the machinery should have been moved separately instead of all together.

Appropriate cargo securement should be a priority for any individual or corporation. Not only will it prevent potential injury or property damage, it can also negate delays, loss of resources and legal issues. To uphold safe and effective cargo securement, jurisdictions in Canada follow the National Safety Code (NSC) Standard 10 rules.

 

What is the National Safety Code Standard 10?

The NSC Standard 10 is a document pertaining to proper cargo securement, which is broken down into four parts.

These parts have to do with the following:

  • Part 1: General Provisions
  • Part 2: Specific Securement Requirements by Cargo Type
  • Part 3: Default Working Load Limits
  • Part 4: Manufacturing Standards

Part 1 largely begins by describing the types of vehicles that the Standard applies to, and what the inspection expectations are in reference to those vehicles. It then goes on to describe performance benchmarks and possible exemptions. Lastly, it provides a list of acceptable tie-downs and front-end structures that can be present on vehicles carrying cargo.

Part 2, which is supposed to be referenced alongside Part 1, describes all the types of cargo that are usually secured to vehicles.

These include:

  • Logs
  • Dressed Lumber
  • Metal Coils
  • Paper Rolls
  • Concrete Pipes
  • Intermodal Containers
  • Vehicles (as cargo)
  • Roll-on/Roll-off Containers
  • Hook Lift Containers

Part 3 of the Standard contains an entry that was deleted in September of 2010.

Part 4 contains a swathe of measurements for recommendations and requirements related to various manufacturing standards.

Why is it important to follow the NSC Standard 10?

By following the rules and guidelines outlined in the Standard, individuals and corporations can be assured that they are following safe and effective cargo securement practices in every Canadian jurisdiction that they enter.

Furthermore, individuals who are educated in the rules of the Standard can be certain whether their employer is asking them to secure cargo in the necessary fashion. It is important that the Standard is regularly referenced, as modifications are commonly made to it every year or two. By referencing the Standard regularly, individuals will be aware of any new additions, or the removal of certain rules.

 

What happens when the NSC Standard 10 is not adhered to?

Individuals or corporations that do not follow the Standard can expect to run into complications at some point. These can include accidents that jeopardize safety as well as legal concerns. Improperly secured cargo is a leading reason for many road accidents. Cargo of any sort that becomes unsecured and falls onto a road becomes a risk to any surrounding vehicle. Heavier loads are typically dangerous on just about any road, and act like deadly projectiles. Even seemingly innocent loads, such as cargo that is very light, can be very dangerous. This becomes exacerbated when vehicles are moving at very fast speeds, like on a freeway. Lighter loads that do not cause a car to immediately crash on impact or damage a vehicle can still cause drivers to lose vision or become distracted.

On top of any safety issues, improper load securement will also bring with it a suite of legal complications.

Those at fault will typically include:

  • Any driver that failed to properly inspect their secured load
  • Any company that employed individuals who did not follow the appropriate guidelines
  • Any third parties that were specifically responsible for loading and securing cargo to the vehicle

Legal consequences will usually consist of payment for any damages that other vehicles receive because of improper cargo securement. Furthermore, if anyone is injured because the cargo was improperly secured, then any guilty parties will also be liable for medical expenses. If any deaths occur, then those guilty parties could even be looking at criminal charges.

 

What are some common reasons for improperly secured cargo that would result in viable claims for damages?

What are some common reasons for improperly secured cargo that would result in viable claims for damages?

There are multiple variables that could account for the improper securement of cargo.

The primary reasons are:

  • Doors not being locked (on vehicles with doors)
  • Cargo not loaded properly
  • Cargo is not balanced
  • Defective restraints (these can fall victim to wear and tear)
  • Restraints missing
  • Routine maintenance not being conducted

 

How well should cargo be secured?

Cargo should always be secured so that it does not:

  • Leak
  • Spill
  • Blow off
  • Fall off
  • Fall through the vehicle
  • Become dislodged
  • Shift in such a way that the vehicle becomes unstable or movement-impaired

 

What is normally used to secure cargo?

Cargo is usually held down by employing a broad range of securing devices.

These include:

  • Synthetic webbing
  • Chain
  • Rope (Wire/Manila/Synthetic)
  • Steel Strapping
  • Clamps and latches
  • Blocking
  • Front-end structure
  • Grab hooks
  • Binders
  • Shackles
  • Winches
  • Stake pockets
  • D-rings
  • Pocket
  • Webbing ratchet
  • Bracing
  • Friction mat

 

As a driver, how can I take measures to ensure that my cargo is being secured in a safe fashion?

In the spirit of practicing safe securement methods, here are some things to watch out for as a driver when carrying cargo.

  • Can you see clearly ahead, to the left, and to the right?
  • Can you freely move your arms and legs?
  • Can you reach everything that you would need in an emergency?
  • Can everyone in the vehicle, including yourself, easily exit?

If you ever answer “No” to any of these questions, then do not leave with cargo, as safety might be at risk. More information on the correct methods and safest ways to secure cargo can be found in the Cargo Securement Driver’s Handbook. This is a great resource for drivers or anyone else interested in cargo securement.

 

How can I learn about safe and effective cargo securement practices?

The best way to learn how to properly secure loads to vehicles is first to educate yourself, and then to practice what you have learned. If you need a place to get started, this cargo load securement flatbed course will teach you all that you need to know. By following the lessons in the course, you can easily get a handle on a great amount of knowledge in just 90 minutes. Hop on your computer or pull out your mobile device and get your certificate of completion right now!

[apss_share]

Contact

SOS First Aid and Safety Training services the following Southern Ontario communities: Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Mississauga, Oakville, Burlington, Milton, Guelph, Vaughan, Woodbridge, Maple, Richmond Hill, Brampton, Acton, Georgetown, Hamilton, Ancaster, Brantford, Stoney Creek, St. Catherines, and Welland.

Customer Reviews

This was a great first-aid class. I had instructor Patrick and he made class fun, interactive and informal at the same time. I recommend this course as I had a great time learning.
Parul 'v'
Parul 'v'
patrick was a W instructor!
Metokok plop
Metokok plop
It’s been an awesome training course delivered by Karen! The class was interactive and fun while she also shares some her amazing experiences. Thnx SOS and Karen!
Henry Limanto
Henry Limanto
Karen was a great trainer and kept the class fun
Keegan Brown
Keegan Brown
I had finished my training with Prakash.He is very knowledgeable person.He has cleared all my concepts about CPR and first aid.He is a great instructor.He really has done an amazing job in teaching this 2 day first aid and CPR course .Thanks.
Jaspreet Kaur
Jaspreet Kaur
Prakash is a great instructor! Knowledgable, passionate, engaging, and he made the class fun. He also discussed a lot of different scenarios that were challenging and made me think, and that caused me to really dig into what I learned online to provide the best answer. His teaching reminded me what the priority/most important thing in each scenario was, and that you have to assess each situation with careful consideration. Thank you, Prakash! I feel confident that I'll be able to help someone in any situation, minor or emergency. 😊
Melissa Gunther
Melissa Gunther
This is the First Aid course to be on board with.Ally led today’s instruction! What an amazing instructor who uses her teaching to cater to various learning styles and effectively gets the training done. So appreciative. Very grateful. Thank you!
Primrose Lewis
Primrose Lewis
Melissa
Melissa
Ms Ally, our instructor is so helpful, she lets us participate in the activity, she makes us feel relaxed, can be easily understood and can be easily approached. The place is clean and in order!! Thank you SOS!
Cristina Montefalcon
Cristina Montefalcon
Navreet was amazing! She explained everything in good detail and made the first Aid and CPR training a breeze!
Logic Is a Race
Logic Is a Race
Ally was awesome!!!
alex ibazeta
alex ibazeta
My two instructors today at 10 Kingsbridge Garden Circle reawaken the extreme importance of not just getting certified as a Firstaider but ensuring we left more confident and knowledgeable to help as needed. #nolongerabystander
GABRIELLE SAMUEL
GABRIELLE SAMUEL
This was an amazing course with some excellent teachers. Both Ally and Lydia were so incredibly patient and caring and incredible at giving well thought out answers. Long day but it was so nice to have such nice people teaching you. The test at the end was short but intensive aswell. So pay attention!
Anne marie P
Anne marie P
It was great…Thanks Mr Dennis 🤗
ODUNAYO ADESEWA
ODUNAYO ADESEWA
Great session with Dennis
Sonia A
Sonia A
Training with Daniel was very interactive and fun. I learnt alot.
Kristina Smith
Kristina Smith
Karen Guevarra
Karen Guevarra
Melvyn was awesome!!! Very entertaining, very informative, and had the ability to keep it all very simple to remember.
Adam Ahmed
Adam Ahmed
Maysaa Mueen
Maysaa Mueen
Mario is an excellent instructor.
Veronica Inaibagha
Veronica Inaibagha
I am happy being lucky to have this course with a great instructor Patty Turnbull. She is very knowledgeable and efficient, her accent is very clear , she is talented to educate in a way to keep us attentive without feeling board although it is a long day. Thank you Patty. Thank you SOS
Louris Girgues
Louris Girgues
Patty was a great instructor, very easy to follow and just as easy to talk to about any questions to clarify.
Avocado Ception
Avocado Ception
Benson Amihere
Benson Amihere
Prakash was our trainer who made this training fun and dispensed a lot of information with examples. Prakash converted complex information into easy digestible information without overwhelming us. There was not a single dull moment in the entire training and Prakash covered every aspect of first-aid/CPR in timely manner. He's passionate, well organized, very engaging and humorous. Thank you, Prakash.
Kulwant Singh
Kulwant Singh
Peggy was excellent.
Tristan Wiggins
Tristan Wiggins
Training is good and more hands on with real life examples.
Viralkumar Rathod
Viralkumar Rathod
Peggy was an excellent instructor for the First Aid and CPR training. Her knowledge and teaching style made the course informative and engaging.
Zee Shan
Zee Shan
I completed my BLS and standard first aid training with Julie, and it was an amazing experience. Julie's professionalism, knowledge, and helpfulness created a safe and enjoyable learning environment. Her contagious laughter made the entire experience even more enjoyable. It was a pleasure having her as my instructor.
Soleil Smith
Soleil Smith
Patty Turnbull was a wonderful teacher and took time to help us, and go through the material thank you Patty!
Omar Khan
Omar Khan
Patty was amazing
David Kerrigan
David Kerrigan
Prachir Pasricha
Prachir Pasricha
Sakshi
Sakshi
Had a wonderful great session on First aid with Patty Turnbull. The class was very insightful and blended with great sense of humour to keep the audience active and attentive. Absolutely loved the experience.
Surya Ram
Surya Ram
Patty was very funny and the information provided was clear. She demonstrated every method and gave us tips on how to improve.
Charlin Osei
Charlin Osei
Patty Turnbull did a fantastic job with the course. Thank you
Jesse Dwyer
Jesse Dwyer
Has a great training session. Our instructor Patty was great at explaining the material, what to look out for and how best to help the person. She equipped us well in providing CPR and using AED.Thank you for a great session!!
Smit Chotai
Smit Chotai
Great experience. Instructor Mario Sacco was interactive and made it an enjoyable experience.
Amr Abdalla
Amr Abdalla
Sukhdeep Kaur
Sukhdeep Kaur
Excellent experience. Instructor Mario is funny and very good Instructor.
Asima Sultana
Asima Sultana
Easy to understand and great humour. Will be back in 2 years!
Mayou Stoddart
Mayou Stoddart
Such a sweet man, funny guy.
Dania
Dania
Prabh Gill
Prabh Gill
I am very happy to be here and study with Mario. He is very nice person and he helped us mask fit very seriously and he was very dedicated. I learned a lot of knowledge about mask knowledge and skills. Thanks Mario, thanks the Red Cross.
Enqi Huang
Enqi Huang
Kamani Sirisena
Kamani Sirisena
Session was delivered professionally.
M Y
M Y
Thank you Prakash for an awesome class. I didnt think I wouldnt learn so much more from the class today, my class was able to get lots of misconceptions clarified. You challenged us with critical scenarios and made us think. From my past experience , I think first aid class would be boring but for the first time at the SOS first aid centre, I’m very happy with the instructor. Highly recommend!
Natalie Le
Natalie Le
I just wanted to say thank you very much to Patty for being a great and wonderful instructor. For making us understand the material thoroughly and clearly. And most of all for being patient with us. If I need to do another course that they offer, I would definitely do it here and highly recommend it for everyone. Thanks again Patty and SOS First Aid and Safety Training
Jake Ilyas Qureshi
Jake Ilyas Qureshi
Patty was great! Very informative and patient
Faisa S
Faisa S
i did bls and first aid training here with patty. she was such a good teacher/instructor. she was very helpful, funny, and engaging she gives a lot of stories which help us remember important details. it was a really fun and informative class. i wish the best for mrs patty!!!
tierra cab
tierra cab
khadija gaouzi
khadija gaouzi
Patty was great!
Leanne
Leanne
Solomon Cusi
Solomon Cusi
I had patty for my instructor and she was so good!! She explained everything in a clear and concise manner. It was overall a fun two days in class with her!!😄
Shakali Martin
Shakali Martin
I am really impressed by the teaching method of Mr. Prakash nagar.
Himanshu
Himanshu
It was an amazing experience! Prakash Nagar is having great knowledge with First Aid & CPR. He clarified clearly when to administer CPR, AED which was a bit confusing for me when I did the reading online.
Dharmesh Patel
Dharmesh Patel
Vineeta Lekhram
Vineeta Lekhram
Thao Nguyen
Thao Nguyen
Every aspect was taken and explains properly
Olga Ezcurra
Olga Ezcurra
The instructors were very nice and informative. They gave great feedback throughout the whole process
Naomi McDonald
Naomi McDonald
Instruction was clear and the instructor ensured that all questions and concerns were addressed appropriately. Highly recommend!
Jacob Waddell (jcwaddell)
Jacob Waddell (jcwaddell)
It was good and entertaining as well.☺️
Nisha 120991
Nisha 120991
Patty is an amazing instructor. She explain all the materials in a very effective manner. I liked her teaching skills.
Raman Kamboj
Raman Kamboj
Patty is a very nice woman and her as an instructor is fantastic! Was such a nice experience.Thanks 😊
Sadaf Raza
Sadaf Raza
Seriously...Patty is such a gem of a woman and her as an instructor is fantastic! Was such a lovely experience! Hopefully I get her for my RE-certification again next time!
Raven Feldman
Raven Feldman
Great instruction and easily accessible location with ample parking.
Sasha M
Sasha M
Katey Hamilton
Katey Hamilton
Catherine G. Dela Cruz
Catherine G. Dela Cruz
Had a great class with Dr. Prakash. He is super knowledgable! I will recert with SOS next year.
Beonca Luk
Beonca Luk
Patty is an amazing instructor. I had a fun & educational experience.
h w
h w
Fantastic lecturer and is very precise about the whole training.
Ray Arnold
Ray Arnold
Patty is an amazing instructor. She explains all the materials thoroughly.
Keerthana Neethirasa
Keerthana Neethirasa
Patty is one of the best instructors I've had, she's super nice and fun and always ensuring everybody is on track and performing well. She made the class fun and go by quick
dema alnakeeb
dema alnakeeb
Ranya Salih
Ranya Salih
It was a great experience
Jemimah Robin
Jemimah Robin
Mario was awesome! Detailed, quick, and friendly instructor.
Julian Salvador
Julian Salvador
Mario is Very knowledgeable!Highly recommend!
Nida Javaid
Nida Javaid
Mario was a pleasant teacher that was patient and humorous.
A_Stumble
A_Stumble
Mario was very knowledgeable, humorous and efficient with the process. Highly recommend him for anyone!
S T
S T
Miranda Ko
Miranda Ko
Instructor Ally, was absolutely phenomenal. The classroom environment was excellent, and Ally made sure everyone understood what was being taught. Thank you for your teachings
Ashley Amaral
Ashley Amaral
Very great teaching by Ally
Omobolanle Adebayo-Oyeyipo
Omobolanle Adebayo-Oyeyipo
Amazing instructor, made the day seamless and interesting with great examples and information. Thank you Ally Sommer
Suzie Catarino
Suzie Catarino
Very nice and interacting session with Prakash, I really dont know about Israel been the only country using the Red Crystal symbol, but today I know.
segun joseph
segun joseph
I was really pleased with learning about the the priority in the impalement and CPR. It was something I didn’t know before and I feel that’s extremely important. Also the instructor was fantastic.
James Proulx
James Proulx
i didn’t know that peeing on a jellyfish sting was actually the right thing to do
Niall Harris
Niall Harris
Absolutely loved both instructorsDr.Prakash and Patty Turnbull.Both instructors showed their passion and dedication through their lectures and teaching. Everyone participated and had fun while learning. I would recommend them both.
Tisha s
Tisha s
The Instructors were very thorough with the course. Really learned a lot.
Ehsan Ahmad
Ehsan Ahmad
Vanessa Tran
Vanessa Tran
Very good information and very helpful
david luu
david luu
Patty was engaging, good at explaining things and open to feedback
amber elley
amber elley
Patty was a great instructor. Pace of the course and hands on instruction were very good.
Jim Koitsopoulos
Jim Koitsopoulos
This is an awesome experience different mask fitting I had before.
PVM PVM
PVM PVM
Alyssa Viozzi
Alyssa Viozzi
Great session!
Latifa Latifa
Latifa Latifa
The teacher was friendly and taught me well, teaching me things from misconceptions about First Aid to vital practices.
Maxwell Thornton
Maxwell Thornton
Really fun and I learned a lot. It was very interactive.Something I would have preferred, as we are learning the ABC’s is give us time to make sure we are doing it properly before asking us to do it quickly. I felt a lot of pressure trying to do it quickly that I was missing proper steps.
Jennifer Lam
Jennifer Lam
I had a great experience. My instructor (Prakash) made sure that we understood all the concepts and we did a lot of hands-on training as well. This session cleared up a lot of confusions in my mind, and left me feeling more confident about how to respond in an emergency.
Mehroo Siddiqui
Mehroo Siddiqui
Debbie was an excellent instructor! She taught the course in a systematic way and made it easy to get through.
Hitesh Sharma Burgus
Hitesh Sharma Burgus
Ajay Ramoutar
Ajay Ramoutar
I have been using SOS First aid and Safety Training for my first aid qualifications. This year, I renewed my BLS. Patty and the team have been professional and knowledgeable, with an emphasis on practical application. I refer all coworkers to SOS and would recommend anyone looking for first aid to come here.
Daniel Tyrrell
Daniel Tyrrell

Become a Red Cross Instructor

We are a Red Cross Instructor Development Center offering instructor training in Hamilton, Halton and Peel.

Register Today
Call Now For More Info