Safe Cargo Securement Best Practices

Safe Cargo Securement Practices

Safe Cargo Securement Best Practices

The other day I was travelling on the highway, and I happened to pass a vehicle parked on the shoulder, that had been carrying a load of wooden planks. There were several men scrambling all over the vehicle, attempting to gather planks that had fallen off, so that they could re-secure them to the truck. It was obvious that the planks had not been secured properly when the journey began, which caused them to fall off at some point. This was obviously a safety concern, and I could not help but think that they were lucky that their unstable load had not injured anyone.

Accidents due to improperly secured cargo can make up as much as two thirds of all road accidents in certain jurisdictions. Proper load securement is especially necessary in North America, as trucks commonly share roads with other vehicles. One study in the US found that within a 4-year period, load securement violations were the cause of 200,000 accidents. These accidents led to 500 deaths and 39,000 injuries.

An example of a severe case of improper cargo securement occurred in September of 2019, when a vehicle driving in Alberta was stopped by police. The vehicle was carrying three pieces of heavy farming machinery in a precarious manner and was on its way to a scrapyard. The vehicle was stopped, because of reports that its cargo was hitting overpasses and signs, and the driver was fined $2000. This scenario could have resulted in a devastating accident and the driver was certainly not practicing safe cargo securement. The issue was not so much with the type of load that was being carried, but the way in which the machinery was being transported. It is also possible that the vehicle being used was not the correct one for the job, or the machinery should have been moved separately instead of all together.

Appropriate cargo securement should be a priority for any individual or corporation. Not only will it prevent potential injury or property damage, it can also negate delays, loss of resources and legal issues. To uphold safe and effective cargo securement, jurisdictions in Canada follow the National Safety Code (NSC) Standard 10 rules.

 

What is the National Safety Code Standard 10?

The NSC Standard 10 is a document pertaining to proper cargo securement, which is broken down into four parts.

These parts have to do with the following:

  • Part 1: General Provisions
  • Part 2: Specific Securement Requirements by Cargo Type
  • Part 3: Default Working Load Limits
  • Part 4: Manufacturing Standards

Part 1 largely begins by describing the types of vehicles that the Standard applies to, and what the inspection expectations are in reference to those vehicles. It then goes on to describe performance benchmarks and possible exemptions. Lastly, it provides a list of acceptable tie-downs and front-end structures that can be present on vehicles carrying cargo.

Part 2, which is supposed to be referenced alongside Part 1, describes all the types of cargo that are usually secured to vehicles.

These include:

  • Logs
  • Dressed Lumber
  • Metal Coils
  • Paper Rolls
  • Concrete Pipes
  • Intermodal Containers
  • Vehicles (as cargo)
  • Roll-on/Roll-off Containers
  • Hook Lift Containers

Part 3 of the Standard contains an entry that was deleted in September of 2010.

Part 4 contains a swathe of measurements for recommendations and requirements related to various manufacturing standards.

Why is it important to follow the NSC Standard 10?

By following the rules and guidelines outlined in the Standard, individuals and corporations can be assured that they are following safe and effective cargo securement practices in every Canadian jurisdiction that they enter.

Furthermore, individuals who are educated in the rules of the Standard can be certain whether their employer is asking them to secure cargo in the necessary fashion. It is important that the Standard is regularly referenced, as modifications are commonly made to it every year or two. By referencing the Standard regularly, individuals will be aware of any new additions, or the removal of certain rules.

 

What happens when the NSC Standard 10 is not adhered to?

Individuals or corporations that do not follow the Standard can expect to run into complications at some point. These can include accidents that jeopardize safety as well as legal concerns. Improperly secured cargo is a leading reason for many road accidents. Cargo of any sort that becomes unsecured and falls onto a road becomes a risk to any surrounding vehicle. Heavier loads are typically dangerous on just about any road, and act like deadly projectiles. Even seemingly innocent loads, such as cargo that is very light, can be very dangerous. This becomes exacerbated when vehicles are moving at very fast speeds, like on a freeway. Lighter loads that do not cause a car to immediately crash on impact or damage a vehicle can still cause drivers to lose vision or become distracted.

On top of any safety issues, improper load securement will also bring with it a suite of legal complications.

Those at fault will typically include:

  • Any driver that failed to properly inspect their secured load
  • Any company that employed individuals who did not follow the appropriate guidelines
  • Any third parties that were specifically responsible for loading and securing cargo to the vehicle

Legal consequences will usually consist of payment for any damages that other vehicles receive because of improper cargo securement. Furthermore, if anyone is injured because the cargo was improperly secured, then any guilty parties will also be liable for medical expenses. If any deaths occur, then those guilty parties could even be looking at criminal charges.

 

What are some common reasons for improperly secured cargo that would result in viable claims for damages?

What are some common reasons for improperly secured cargo that would result in viable claims for damages?

There are multiple variables that could account for the improper securement of cargo.

The primary reasons are:

  • Doors not being locked (on vehicles with doors)
  • Cargo not loaded properly
  • Cargo is not balanced
  • Defective restraints (these can fall victim to wear and tear)
  • Restraints missing
  • Routine maintenance not being conducted

 

How well should cargo be secured?

Cargo should always be secured so that it does not:

  • Leak
  • Spill
  • Blow off
  • Fall off
  • Fall through the vehicle
  • Become dislodged
  • Shift in such a way that the vehicle becomes unstable or movement-impaired

 

What is normally used to secure cargo?

Cargo is usually held down by employing a broad range of securing devices.

These include:

  • Synthetic webbing
  • Chain
  • Rope (Wire/Manila/Synthetic)
  • Steel Strapping
  • Clamps and latches
  • Blocking
  • Front-end structure
  • Grab hooks
  • Binders
  • Shackles
  • Winches
  • Stake pockets
  • D-rings
  • Pocket
  • Webbing ratchet
  • Bracing
  • Friction mat

 

As a driver, how can I take measures to ensure that my cargo is being secured in a safe fashion?

In the spirit of practicing safe securement methods, here are some things to watch out for as a driver when carrying cargo.

  • Can you see clearly ahead, to the left, and to the right?
  • Can you freely move your arms and legs?
  • Can you reach everything that you would need in an emergency?
  • Can everyone in the vehicle, including yourself, easily exit?

If you ever answer “No” to any of these questions, then do not leave with cargo, as safety might be at risk. More information on the correct methods and safest ways to secure cargo can be found in the Cargo Securement Driver’s Handbook. This is a great resource for drivers or anyone else interested in cargo securement.

 

How can I learn about safe and effective cargo securement practices?

The best way to learn how to properly secure loads to vehicles is first to educate yourself, and then to practice what you have learned. If you need a place to get started, this cargo load securement flatbed course will teach you all that you need to know. By following the lessons in the course, you can easily get a handle on a great amount of knowledge in just 90 minutes. Hop on your computer or pull out your mobile device and get your certificate of completion right now!

Contact

SOS First Aid and Safety Training services the following Southern Ontario communities: Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Mississauga, Oakville, Burlington, Milton, Guelph, Vaughan, Woodbridge, Maple, Richmond Hill, Brampton, Acton, Georgetown, Hamilton, Ancaster, Brantford, Stoney Creek, St. Catherines, and Welland.

Customer Reviews

I took my BLS course from SOS and it was an amazing expercience. The instructor, Ms Patty is friendly and explained all the procedures in details. Hands on experience was fun. Moreover, the facility is nice and clean and very welcoming.
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Kartikay Srivastava
In Oakville my instructor Patty was amazing. I learned a lot and when I didn't understand she was sure that I was learning from it. Thanks SOS First Aid for the courses offered , those always are needed to keep us updated.
Jose C.
Jose C.
The company has helped me out after my request for a rescheduled course. This is all we needed as emergencies happen and grateful they reconsidered their initial verdict. Thank you
Pieter Medema
Pieter Medema
Just did First Aid BLS course with Patty. Great Instructor, Great course delivery - to the point, doesn't drag or make you fall asleep. Really liked Patty's style of teaching. Awesome personality!!FYI - No refunds if under 48 hrs notice.I enjoyed both days of the course.
arsh
arsh
Had a knowledgeable session with Tyson.He is amazing!! great examples.!!! Thank you so much Tyson!
nikivelastgui
nikivelastgui
Completed the Standard First Aid/CPR C course for the first time and the instructor Tyson was great!!
Ana Arrieta
Ana Arrieta
It was very fun class and I had learned a lots from my trainer Tyson. Thank you very much.
Wan Nilprasert
Wan Nilprasert
Tyson is awesome and a great instructor! Appreciated his experience and knowledge with first aid! Would recommend this course to anyone.
Denzel Pinto
Denzel Pinto
Had a knowledgeable and engaging session with Tyson. He is an amazing instructor who knows his content well and delivers it phenomenally with great examples. The hands-on experience made the CPR more fun and engaging. Overall, it was an informative session and I would recommend others to take it as well. Thank you Tyson!
Rameesha Rehmani
Rameesha Rehmani
I participated in a CPR-C/AED recertification course today and the price was very reasonable. My instructor “Tyson” was very knowledge explaining the various topics and his hands-on abilities while performing CPR and the different choking maneuvers was excellent.
Jason Nguyen
Jason Nguyen
Completed the Emergency First Aid and BLS training for the first time and the Instructor (Patty) was amazing! Super cool and funny and explained everything in a simple yet understandable manner. Covid-19 protocols and social distancing was handled well with spaced out seating, mandatory masks, everything being sanitized. personal training manikin, and modified training lessons that reduced passing items around.
Justin Huynh
Justin Huynh
Had a great experience there!! Well structured and organized information, been a while since I’d been to “class”. The instructor Patty, was phenomenal, makes everyone feel welcomed and ensures you have a thorough understanding of the information being presented. Would highly recommend SOS for any and all of your first aid training requirements. Thanks for everything Patty, you inspired this momma:)
Lydia Zeman
Lydia Zeman
Great program. Took Standard Firat Aid C, and Patty and Marita were fantastic!! Learned a lot in short time and shown the proper way to conduct CPR. Would suggest anyone capable of doing CPR/standard first aid should attend this course, especially if you are worried about doing CPR/first aid wrong. They show how it's done properly and give you the confidence to do it. Also very accommodating.
Michelle Sone
Michelle Sone
Fun class made easy to learn and retain information with instructors Patty & Marita highly recommend for first aid , CPR Level C & AED
Lori Corkin
Lori Corkin
I just took the course at SOS in Mississauga for emergency first aid. My instructor Patty was amazing she is very engaging and made sure that everyone's questions were answered and clarified anything that was confusing. I have already recommended this course to my fellow classmates. I also had trouble on the website to register as a student in order to get the discount. However, the staff was really amazing when I called and refunded me the amount in order for me to receive the student discount. I would definitely recommend SOS to anyone who is looking either to get emergency first aid or standard first aid done. I would also do my re-certification at SOS!
Mary Best
Mary Best
Just finished my standard first aid cpr-c course , it was amazing ... patty was a great instructor , she was informative, fun and very organized ... the two days went by so smoothly and so fast ... didnt even feel the time go by because it was great :) i would definitely come back for a recert :)
shaza selim
shaza selim
I participated in an Emergency First Aid Course with SOS in Mississauga. Their location in Square one at 4141 Living Arts Drive was excellent. Patty as a course Instructor also was full of knowledge and experience. Attending a class with her was really enjoyable and fun filled. I appreciate SOS for choosing such an excellent location and hiring some of the best instructors in the field.
Jhumki Laksar
Jhumki Laksar
Yesterday I had the privilege to take the CPR level C course at the Living Arts Center in Mississauga . It was my very first time taking this course and I didn't know what to expect. However, I need to let you know that the course was very informative and I had an amazing experience and all because of my instructor, Patty. She is very knowledgeable and has so much experience, and knows how to deliver information in a fun way which keeps the class very engaged. She is also very accommodating and makes sure to personally clean all the tools you use to ensure they are sanitary. I am very thankful for everything she taught me and I highly recommend everyone to take this course.
Hedviga Zareczky
Hedviga Zareczky
Excellent course that provided the training I needed. Thoroughly enjoyed instructor Sam! His wealth of knowledge was impressive. Would definitely recommend this course to anybody.
Lloyd Dyson
Lloyd Dyson
Such a great course! Patty was so helpful and super easy to understand. So accommodating to everyone and worked hard to ensure success for everyone. A Course I will definitely be recommending!
cara castillo
cara castillo
The training was great! Our instructor, Patty, was amazing! She kept the class engaging and positive. Would recommend it to everyone! Thank you!
Manu A.Rajah
Manu A.Rajah
Amazing instructor! Really learned to save lives and I feel confident to do it in my feel of work. Thank you Patty!
Endy s
Endy s
Patty did an excellent job teaching our first aid training.She made the course fun and very informative.She is very passionate about what she does based on her own life experiences that she graciously shared with us.Thanks Patty for the training and confidence I would need if ever put in a life threatening situation.
Donna Greeley
Donna Greeley
Patty was absolutely an amazing teacher.. Very friendly and down to earth.. She knows what she is talking about... I would recommend Patty to teach any class.
Austin Gosse
Austin Gosse
A great way to get your First Aid Cert. Minimum two day for standard which yes seems long and a waste of a weekend, but it goes by fast and lots of fun practice.
villagemayor
villagemayor
Excellent First Aid CPR-C/BLS courses, easy to understand and detailed explanations, instructor made the course very interesting and fun so we don't lose our focus, our instructor Patty, Jessica was excellent with the scientific proof, and answered all the question passionately, situational and interesting activities. I was able to fully understand the importance of First aid, new information about the first aid. completed the course with excellent score and understanding.Thank you Patty and Jessica!
정한석
정한석
Patty was a great instructor,knowledgable and her paramedic work experience taught us alot I would recommend everybody to do first aid CPR course from Patty Thank-you.
Soulat Ali
Soulat Ali
Took this course 2 weeks back. Patty is very knowledgeable and she knows what she's doing. she goes above & beyond to make sure that we understand everything being taught. I highly recommend Instructor Patty. Thank you
Aim Harry
Aim Harry
I took the wilderness first aid course with SOS First Aid and I loved it, I have also taken the standard first aid courses with this company, I've had a great experience everytime
Patrick Sacco
Patrick Sacco
I just completed my standard first aid with CPR - C and it was fantastic. The instructor Patty was so informative and sweet; I enjoyed the course so much, it went by so quickly. It was a great experience, I am so glad I took this course. I really do feel so much more confident knowing that I have the knowledge of how to deal with first aid situations that I could encounter in the future. Actually after finishing it, I want to register for more informative courses to get my training level higher. It made me want to register as a first responder in my college.
Alisa Boyarkin
Alisa Boyarkin
Took the 2 day standard first aid combo course and it was great. Class size was nice and small, and more importantly, Kathryn was a great instructor. Thanks again Kathryn.
Ali Amin
Ali Amin
It was a great class for me because I learn a lot. Patty is great teacher she made everything easy to understand. There were lots of example and experience for titles. The more important thing was that the class wasn't boring at all. Thanks for all of that patty.
Nasrin Bina
Nasrin Bina
Our instructor(Patty Turnbull) T was very nice. I felt totally comfortable in her class. She seemed very experienced and had many examples to visualize a situation and circumstances for us. I liked her approach to instruction. It was my second time that I participated in CPR and First Aid course but I learned a lot in Patty's course. The room was appropriate and comfortable from different aspects like heat, chairs, noise and etc.
Maryam Molkabadin
Maryam Molkabadin
Great course this weekend wilderness first aid basic. Lots of information and very good instructors thank you Heather and Michelle
David Scarr
David Scarr
Patty is a phenomenal instructor! Engaging and hilarious, I would take another course with her in a heartbeat.
Marci Nash
Marci Nash
SOS First Aid is one of the best training companies I've worked with. They are extremely professional and knowledgeable. They are a great partner to work with!
Dan MacDonald
Dan MacDonald
Zhike Zhang
Zhike Zhang
I had a great experience with my recertification! Amit was an incredible instructor - very knowledgeable, clear and concise. He clearly demonstrated the use of the AED, first aid practises as well as CPR. I highly recommend his class!
lauren rowbottom
lauren rowbottom
The course is very informative and I recommend for anyone who needs to receive any sort of cpr or first aid certification to do it at SOS first aid. My instructor Amit was great, funny and informative, when I recertify I hope I get him again!
Cy w
Cy w
Amit is a great hands on trainer. Would recommend if looking for CPR and AED training
ahmed chakib
ahmed chakib
Nathalie Garratt
Nathalie Garratt
Tyson a real oneAmazing experience and class taught by tyson
Saleh Chaudhry
Saleh Chaudhry
Tyson is my dawgs he tought me how to save babies.
Aaliyah Isaac
Aaliyah Isaac
The class was amazing, they didn't rush with us . We were all engaged and Tyson was one of the best mentors ever
Thekillaah Show
Thekillaah Show
Heba B
Heba B
Great class and great instructors (Kathryn and tyson)
Meena Kirupakaran
Meena Kirupakaran
great instructors very active and left the course knowing what to do in emergency cases
Aous Salih
Aous Salih
Justin Lu
Justin Lu
I was given the opportunity to take the SOS First Aid and Safety Training at the Living arts center in Mississauga. Patty is an amazing and informative instructor. She made sure that we understood everything clearly. I enjoyed the last two days in her class!!!
Erica Baluyot
Erica Baluyot

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