Safe Cargo Securement Best Practices

Safe Cargo Securement Practices

Safe Cargo Securement Best Practices

The other day I was travelling on the highway, and I happened to pass a vehicle parked on the shoulder, that had been carrying a load of wooden planks. There were several men scrambling all over the vehicle, attempting to gather planks that had fallen off, so that they could re-secure them to the truck. It was obvious that the planks had not been secured properly when the journey began, which caused them to fall off at some point. This was obviously a safety concern, and I could not help but think that they were lucky that their unstable load had not injured anyone.

Accidents due to improperly secured cargo can make up as much as two thirds of all road accidents in certain jurisdictions. Proper load securement is especially necessary in North America, as trucks commonly share roads with other vehicles. One study in the US found that within a 4-year period, load securement violations were the cause of 200,000 accidents. These accidents led to 500 deaths and 39,000 injuries.

An example of a severe case of improper cargo securement occurred in September of 2019, when a vehicle driving in Alberta was stopped by police. The vehicle was carrying three pieces of heavy farming machinery in a precarious manner and was on its way to a scrapyard. The vehicle was stopped, because of reports that its cargo was hitting overpasses and signs, and the driver was fined $2000. This scenario could have resulted in a devastating accident and the driver was certainly not practicing safe cargo securement. The issue was not so much with the type of load that was being carried, but the way in which the machinery was being transported. It is also possible that the vehicle being used was not the correct one for the job, or the machinery should have been moved separately instead of all together.

Appropriate cargo securement should be a priority for any individual or corporation. Not only will it prevent potential injury or property damage, it can also negate delays, loss of resources and legal issues. To uphold safe and effective cargo securement, jurisdictions in Canada follow the National Safety Code (NSC) Standard 10 rules.

 

What is the National Safety Code Standard 10?

The NSC Standard 10 is a document pertaining to proper cargo securement, which is broken down into four parts.

These parts have to do with the following:

  • Part 1: General Provisions
  • Part 2: Specific Securement Requirements by Cargo Type
  • Part 3: Default Working Load Limits
  • Part 4: Manufacturing Standards

Part 1 largely begins by describing the types of vehicles that the Standard applies to, and what the inspection expectations are in reference to those vehicles. It then goes on to describe performance benchmarks and possible exemptions. Lastly, it provides a list of acceptable tie-downs and front-end structures that can be present on vehicles carrying cargo.

Part 2, which is supposed to be referenced alongside Part 1, describes all the types of cargo that are usually secured to vehicles.

These include:

  • Logs
  • Dressed Lumber
  • Metal Coils
  • Paper Rolls
  • Concrete Pipes
  • Intermodal Containers
  • Vehicles (as cargo)
  • Roll-on/Roll-off Containers
  • Hook Lift Containers

Part 3 of the Standard contains an entry that was deleted in September of 2010.

Part 4 contains a swathe of measurements for recommendations and requirements related to various manufacturing standards.

Why is it important to follow the NSC Standard 10?

By following the rules and guidelines outlined in the Standard, individuals and corporations can be assured that they are following safe and effective cargo securement practices in every Canadian jurisdiction that they enter.

Furthermore, individuals who are educated in the rules of the Standard can be certain whether their employer is asking them to secure cargo in the necessary fashion. It is important that the Standard is regularly referenced, as modifications are commonly made to it every year or two. By referencing the Standard regularly, individuals will be aware of any new additions, or the removal of certain rules.

 

What happens when the NSC Standard 10 is not adhered to?

Individuals or corporations that do not follow the Standard can expect to run into complications at some point. These can include accidents that jeopardize safety as well as legal concerns. Improperly secured cargo is a leading reason for many road accidents. Cargo of any sort that becomes unsecured and falls onto a road becomes a risk to any surrounding vehicle. Heavier loads are typically dangerous on just about any road, and act like deadly projectiles. Even seemingly innocent loads, such as cargo that is very light, can be very dangerous. This becomes exacerbated when vehicles are moving at very fast speeds, like on a freeway. Lighter loads that do not cause a car to immediately crash on impact or damage a vehicle can still cause drivers to lose vision or become distracted.

On top of any safety issues, improper load securement will also bring with it a suite of legal complications.

Those at fault will typically include:

  • Any driver that failed to properly inspect their secured load
  • Any company that employed individuals who did not follow the appropriate guidelines
  • Any third parties that were specifically responsible for loading and securing cargo to the vehicle

Legal consequences will usually consist of payment for any damages that other vehicles receive because of improper cargo securement. Furthermore, if anyone is injured because the cargo was improperly secured, then any guilty parties will also be liable for medical expenses. If any deaths occur, then those guilty parties could even be looking at criminal charges.

 

What are some common reasons for improperly secured cargo that would result in viable claims for damages?

What are some common reasons for improperly secured cargo that would result in viable claims for damages?

There are multiple variables that could account for the improper securement of cargo.

The primary reasons are:

  • Doors not being locked (on vehicles with doors)
  • Cargo not loaded properly
  • Cargo is not balanced
  • Defective restraints (these can fall victim to wear and tear)
  • Restraints missing
  • Routine maintenance not being conducted

 

How well should cargo be secured?

Cargo should always be secured so that it does not:

  • Leak
  • Spill
  • Blow off
  • Fall off
  • Fall through the vehicle
  • Become dislodged
  • Shift in such a way that the vehicle becomes unstable or movement-impaired

 

What is normally used to secure cargo?

Cargo is usually held down by employing a broad range of securing devices.

These include:

  • Synthetic webbing
  • Chain
  • Rope (Wire/Manila/Synthetic)
  • Steel Strapping
  • Clamps and latches
  • Blocking
  • Front-end structure
  • Grab hooks
  • Binders
  • Shackles
  • Winches
  • Stake pockets
  • D-rings
  • Pocket
  • Webbing ratchet
  • Bracing
  • Friction mat

 

As a driver, how can I take measures to ensure that my cargo is being secured in a safe fashion?

In the spirit of practicing safe securement methods, here are some things to watch out for as a driver when carrying cargo.

  • Can you see clearly ahead, to the left, and to the right?
  • Can you freely move your arms and legs?
  • Can you reach everything that you would need in an emergency?
  • Can everyone in the vehicle, including yourself, easily exit?

If you ever answer “No” to any of these questions, then do not leave with cargo, as safety might be at risk. More information on the correct methods and safest ways to secure cargo can be found in the Cargo Securement Driver’s Handbook. This is a great resource for drivers or anyone else interested in cargo securement.

 

How can I learn about safe and effective cargo securement practices?

The best way to learn how to properly secure loads to vehicles is first to educate yourself, and then to practice what you have learned. If you need a place to get started, this cargo load securement flatbed course will teach you all that you need to know. By following the lessons in the course, you can easily get a handle on a great amount of knowledge in just 90 minutes. Hop on your computer or pull out your mobile device and get your certificate of completion right now!

Contact

SOS First Aid and Safety Training services the following Southern Ontario communities: Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Mississauga, Oakville, Burlington, Milton, Guelph, Vaughan, Woodbridge, Maple, Richmond Hill, Brampton, Acton, Georgetown, Hamilton, Ancaster, Brantford, Stoney Creek, St. Catherines, and Welland.

Customer Reviews

Vanisha Sara
Vanisha Sara
Great and convenient place to take the course. Instructor was amazing and great mix of learning with fun and laughter . Ready to give first aid and CPR .Highly recommend 😊
Pooja Ghori
Pooja Ghori
Prakash Nagar is the best first aid instructor I have had the pleasure of learning from. His knowledge and intelligence is obvious, his passion to teach is inspiring. I'll be coming back every year for my recertification, and I'm sure I'll learn something new every time
Timothy Votruba
Timothy Votruba
Completed my CPR/BLS blended course with Prakash. He is an amazing instructor. Enjoyed every aspect of the class!
Hafsa Haneef
Hafsa Haneef
The course (BLS / SFA Blended) was well taught and the instructor was charismatic and knowledgeable. Still learned a few things although this is my second recertification of standard first aid!
Alfred Mikhael
Alfred Mikhael
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Vera Ikanone
Vera Ikanone
The instructor is patient and knowledgeable.
Pearl Lin
Pearl Lin
Rachelle Ho
Rachelle Ho
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Lena Skibicki
Ray Chang
Ray Chang
it’s good the course
Eunice Kwon
Eunice Kwon
Great experience and presentation skills that allow for in-depth understanding.
Saifallah Ayyad
Saifallah Ayyad
Before coming to my training, I was very anxious but Michelle & Jessica made the training very personal & interesting! They talk about real life situations with their real life experiences! They also care for your experience during your training and make sure that you are comfortable! Definitely will come back here again and recommend them to my friends who needs First Aid Trainings.
Macy S
Macy S
digna George Antoine
digna George Antoine
Chehal Bangotra
Chehal Bangotra
Von Immanuel Yagong
Von Immanuel Yagong
Daniel Tyrrell
Daniel Tyrrell
Janai Menzies
Janai Menzies
Had a great time learning my standard first Aid with CFR-C and AED. The instructor,A.T Summer was very great with her teachings and practicals.
olumide bezi
olumide bezi
Loubna
Loubna
Very knowledgeable and informative instructor!
Nor Farion
Nor Farion
Rhiannon Dawe
Rhiannon Dawe
Vishwa Bhatt
Vishwa Bhatt
Arizo Hasanzadah
Arizo Hasanzadah
Amandeep Kaur
Amandeep Kaur
Really nice. Provided a temporary certificate needed for my clinical as the real certificate would not arrive in 5-7 business days. :)
Chelsea Cano
Chelsea Cano
Anthony Beilin
Anthony Beilin
Olivia Conway
Olivia Conway
Class was interesting and knowledgeable. Thank you
Ichchha GC
Ichchha GC
Irma VB
Irma VB
Dennis was a great instructor with great humor to help pass the long time😂Definitely recommend this course for anyone who’s been wanting to get their First Aid Certification.
Kime Hurrichuran
Kime Hurrichuran
Anish Shirodker
Anish Shirodker
BS bagotrash
BS bagotrash
bella pico
bella pico
Tara Gill
Tara Gill
Domingo Jr. Gonzales
Domingo Jr. Gonzales
Teacher was nice and funny, made class easy to understand
Michiyou Kurokawa
Michiyou Kurokawa
Abid was an amazing instructor and very informative. Probably the best CPR course I have taken! Will definitely be coming back next time I need a recertification.
Sarah W
Sarah W
Eli Becerra
Eli Becerra
Allyson is an amazing instructor, she made the class very interactive and entertaining. I’ve heard from my friends that their first aid classes were boring, but I would love to say that this class was not boring what so ever. I would recommend friends or family that need to take first aid classes from SOS. Thank you Allyson for such a fun and knowledgeable experience😊
Angelika Reyes
Angelika Reyes
Melissa White
Melissa White
Some details weren’t covered, like how fast do you administer compressions.
Andrea Cristini
Andrea Cristini
Great speaker, well paced classes.
Justin S. JR Writes
Justin S. JR Writes
L C
L C
Sachi Chan
Sachi Chan
Louna Aboud
Louna Aboud
Steve McKnight
Steve McKnight
Chris Froud
Chris Froud
Great Basic Life Support Instructor Recert class with Jen Ngo. Very interactive and stress-free!
Kim West-Acernese
Kim West-Acernese
Great BLS instructor revert with Jennifer. Thank you!
WickhamKatie
WickhamKatie
Reilly ODwyer
Reilly ODwyer
Rosa Baby
Rosa Baby
Payal Sharma
Payal Sharma
Thank you Michelle for making class exciting, engaging and most importantly informative.
You Don
You Don
Nadia Hammoodi
Nadia Hammoodi
Hark Marquez
Hark Marquez
Natasha Gilchrist
Natasha Gilchrist
Michelle is really amazing. I learn quiet a bit with her lessons cannot wit to re-take the course every year and hopefully I get to be in her class!!
Diane Ho
Diane Ho
Joseph Melo
Joseph Melo
Michelle was knowledgeable and super engaging with many experiences to share. I feel confident to provide emergency first aid if needed. Thank you!
Natasha Cappadocia
Natasha Cappadocia
Michelle was lovely! Her personal anecdotes made the material memorable and made what could have been a very long boring day, fun. Thank you!
Tyana Mohamed
Tyana Mohamed
Anthony Man
Anthony Man
Siddhartha Datta
Siddhartha Datta
briar hutchison
briar hutchison
JEERAYAPA ZHANG
JEERAYAPA ZHANG
Olivia Ture
Olivia Ture
Shreya Joshi
Shreya Joshi
Ioana Popescu
Ioana Popescu
manvi gambhir
manvi gambhir
Mr. Pounall made the experience extremely educating, while entertaining with his jokes every now and then. For the future he should work on enhancing his stand up comedy career and making a few global tours to make this 5 stars a 6 star.
Patrick L
Patrick L
Leonard Dsouza
Leonard Dsouza
Noman jamal
Noman jamal
Thalia
Thalia
Kiran Sandhu
Kiran Sandhu
Jessamyn Bickle
Jessamyn Bickle
Wonderful experience! Allyson , the instructor was very resourceful & up to date. Enjoyed thoroughly. A great learning experience.
Dipalee Vajaria
Dipalee Vajaria
sanja c
sanja c
Prakash Nagar is a great program host/teacher. 10/10 recommended 🙌🏻
Mae Suliguin
Mae Suliguin
The mask fit certification was professional and very thorough. I really liked Patrick, the mask fit specialist. He's very knowledgeable, really personable and fun. The Kingbridge Garden Circle location is also very accessible, clean and ample free parking. I was really pleased with the session.
Rita Ganassini
Rita Ganassini
purna desar
purna desar
Amazing teacher so well done
Samantha Kazanczuk
Samantha Kazanczuk
Mariel Mendoza
Mariel Mendoza
Lisa Pim (Lcp)
Lisa Pim (Lcp)
Tyler Pimentel
Tyler Pimentel
Johnny pimentel
Johnny pimentel
melanie cianci
melanie cianci
Moe Rafid
Moe Rafid
Pamela A
Pamela A
Laurie Gallant
Laurie Gallant
SOS First Aid and Safety Training is a wonderful organization! 🙏Speaking to Velma in many occasions, and meeting the instructor, Peggy, was enlightening as they assured me that my daughter, Mariella would receive accommodations achieving her First Aid and CPR Level C certification with support. 🥰 Being a parent who advocates for their child when in need is so important. ✅ Being heard and supported is truly amazing! 🦋 Every child, teenager, or adult learns is his or her own way. 💕Hopefully, people continue to see, acknowledge, and remember that everyone is special and there must be patience, empathy, and compassion for each person in any life situation! 👏🏼 Being able to obtain this certificate is a milestone for a 14 Year Old who said, “Mom, I could have had a day off on Saturday, and it is a class with adults! —-and we had to study an entire manual full of too many modules!!!” ☺️ Again, much gratitude and thanks to Velma and Peggy at SOS First Aid for the extra time and support given to my daughter. 🦋 Not only did the girls learn how to save lives, they learned how to adapt and persevere! Dream Big! 🙏
Mary Jane Guibao Wheeler
Mary Jane Guibao Wheeler
Purvi Desai
Purvi Desai
Very informative session. Patrick did a good job at making it fun.
Maria Jaramillo
Maria Jaramillo
Rebecca Keane
Rebecca Keane
Kacy Knight
Kacy Knight
Patrick was a great instructor!
Alifiya Al-Harazi
Alifiya Al-Harazi
Courtney Priest-Brown
Courtney Priest-Brown
Blood Orange Beauty
Blood Orange Beauty
Jon
Jon
Michelle k was amazing learned alot of good things, I found she was verry thorough and to the point, realy enjoyed and would recommend the class to my peers
Tevin Taylor
Tevin Taylor
Youngwon Kim
Youngwon Kim
Great course! Loved the instructor Mr.Nagar (I think) he was funny and provided great real life instructions and examples.
Divya Sharma
Divya Sharma
Patrick was a great instructor for N95 mask fitting test. Thanks for the great experience.
ahmad kd
ahmad kd
Patrick was great. Class was easy to understand and they were well prepared with copies of sheets and allowed e transfer payments for those who needed a mask provided which was very helpful.
Marina Naalband
Marina Naalband
Arielle U
Arielle U
It was amazing experience and Patrick was helpful .
Alia Mohamed
Alia Mohamed
Sarah Fox
Sarah Fox
The instructor Patrick was very pleasant and engaging. He explained the content clearly and was very knowledgeable about the topic.
Georgianna Kelly
Georgianna Kelly
Mary Jane Gambito
Mary Jane Gambito
Excellent session. Patrick explained everything clearly.
Rohini Telang
Rohini Telang
Patrick Sacco completed my N95 mask fit test and was very kind and knowledgeable. He explained the procedure and was very informative.
Conida Halley
Conida Halley
Oneisha Donaldson
Oneisha Donaldson
George El Khal
George El Khal
Eubelyn Pagayon
Eubelyn Pagayon
Ai T
Ai T
Instructor Michelle is lovely, knowledgeable, had a wealth of personal experiences to share to make the first aid material relatable and accessible. Velma always has a great team and I'm always happy to update my trainings with SOS every time.
Kim FB
Kim FB
Paul McNeil
Paul McNeil
Good place to do Mask fit test and pcr.Kind and generous instructor specially patrick
harshil patel
harshil patel
Fantastic instructor. Clear, easy to understand instructions. Very friendly.
Lisa Hickey
Lisa Hickey
SHREYA PATEL
SHREYA PATEL
Patrick Sacco was very thorough with the N95 testing!
Krystal Goulbourne
Krystal Goulbourne
Kaleigh Redel
Kaleigh Redel
Instructor is very energetic and have a good energy through out the training. Recommended.
Anthea Katon
Anthea Katon
Great way of educating, clear, good
maggie abrahem
maggie abrahem
Rodica Suciu
Rodica Suciu
Jahnvi patel
Jahnvi patel
Brianna Zuniga
Brianna Zuniga
KHUSHALI PATEL
KHUSHALI PATEL
Patrick was awesome! Great demonstration! He was fun, funny and made the test enjoyable. Totally recommend!!
Gaurav A
Gaurav A
levent sevim
levent sevim
Paul and Elizabeth Gilbert
Paul and Elizabeth Gilbert
The instructor Patrick was super friendly
Dr. Harsh Parikh
Dr. Harsh Parikh
Jackie
Jackie
Dorothy Murray
Dorothy Murray
E Aquino
E Aquino
Abbey Garant
Abbey Garant
The instructor (Mitchell)was amazing.
vennah tondoya
vennah tondoya
A fast and friendly fit test experience. Patrick Sacco was nice and very informative. Thanks!
Arianna Mailloux
Arianna Mailloux
HARPREET KAUR
HARPREET KAUR
WASIM SASSILA
WASIM SASSILA
Jyoti Syroop
Jyoti Syroop
Dazzel Roco
Dazzel Roco
Jasdeep Bains
Jasdeep Bains
Patrick was great!
Abena Agyeman
Abena Agyeman
Juliana De Oliveira
Juliana De Oliveira
Awesome instructors, the class was so enjoyable and easy to understand!
Arthi Siva
Arthi Siva
De Muffin
De Muffin
Mobs_ Nishikino
Mobs_ Nishikino
9th Oakville Trafalgar Beavers
9th Oakville Trafalgar Beavers

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