What you need to know about cold-related emergencies

Safe Rigging and Slinging and Its Importance
 
Canadians are no strangers to extreme cold weather and windchills. Temperatures that dip to -10 to -27c degrees can lead to moderate hypothermia, frostnip or frostbite, and lower temperatures can lead to severe, life-threatening hyperthermia. Prolonged exposures to very cold weather will cause the body to lose heat faster than it’s produced, lowering the body’s internal temperature. The body is meant to be around 37 degrees Celsius or 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Hypothermia can begin to develop when the body temperature reaches 35 degrees. It becomes severe and life-threatening when the body reaches 32 degrees and lower. The very young and elderly are more susceptible to extreme temperatures.
 

When temperatures get really cold and wind chills dip to extreme levels, how can Canadians protect themselves?

1)  Plan ahead and dress for colder weather.

  • Wear warm clothing
  • Bring additional warm clothes when you expect to be out for extended periods of time or in case of emergency
  • Wear layers of tightly woven fabrics like wool or synthetic that can be removed or added when you get too hot or too cold.
  • Cover your head with a hat and scarf
  • Cover any exposed skin, particularly fingers, toes, nose, ears and cheeks as these are prone to frostbite.
  • Wear loose clothing and footwear as tight-fitting clothes and shoes may affect circulation
  • Keep dry and change wet clothes to dry clothes right away if you are in the cold

 
Safe Rigging and Slinging and Its Importance
 
 
2) Eat and drink warm foods and liquids to stay warm and hydrated.

  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine as they cause the body’s core temperature to drop.
  • Eat high calorie foods and drinks as they convert to energy and cause the body to heat up.

3) Seek shelter from the wind or go indoors if you are getting cold.

  • Even sheltering behind a tree or other barrier can help to block the wind when it’s not possible to go indoors.
  • Eat high calorie foods and drinks as they convert to energy and cause the body to heat up.

What are the signs and symptoms of a cold-related emergency?

Frostbite is a serious medical situation where body tissues freeze. This is particularly common in the fingers, toes, nose, ears and cheeks. Frostbite can be superficial or deep in the tissues below the skin.
Safe Rigging and Slinging and Its Importance

Superficial frostbite signs and symptoms include:

  • Hardened skin
  • Pale skin
  • Pain, stinging and numbness

Deep tissue frostbite signs and symptoms include:

  • Waxy skin that is colder than the skin around it
  • Hardened skin both on the surface and deeper below the skin that is solid to the touch
  • Skin that is white, blue, black or mottled
  • Complete loss of feeling

 
Safe Rigging and Slinging and Its Importance
 
 
Hypothermia can happen to anyone who is exposed to cold weather for an extended period of time. The body’s temperature lowers to levels that can be moderate or severe and life-threatening. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Shivering (moderate). Shivering is the body’s natural reaction and attempt to warm itself up.
  • Numbness in extremities like fingers and toes
  • Skin that is cold to the touch
  • Disoriented, confused or unusual behaviour (severe)
  • Shivering has stopped. The body is no longer capable of warming itself up (severe and life-threatening)
  • Breathing has slowed or stopped (life-threatening)
  • Decreased level of consciousness or unconscious (life-threatening)

What should people keep in mind if they have to be outdoors for an extended period of time in very cold weather?

As mentioned above, remember to dress warmly and in layers that can be removed or added as your body heats up or cools down. Wear loose fitting clothing and footwear. Cover your head, neck, cheeks and digits. Go indoors frequently to warm up and drink warm liquids. Reserve your energy and don’t attempt to over-exert yourself.

Canadians should be prepared for all weather situations by following weather reports and knowing the risks ahead of time. Be aware of the surroundings and where to seek shelter or help in the unfortunate event of an emergency. Pack accordingly and bring extra warm clothing, blankets, heat warmers for gloves and boots, and thermos of hot drinks and food. Make it a habit to monitor your local weather through television, radio or online before venturing outdoors.

 
Safe Rigging and Slinging and Its Importance
 

What should you do if you suspect a cold-related emergency?

  • Call 911 or Emergency Medical Services for severe hypothermia
  • Get the person out of the cold and into a warmer area
  • Remove any wet clothing and dry the body gently
  • Use blankets, warm clothing, body heat or anything suitable to warm the body
  • Cover the head and neck
  • Warm the person slowly
  • Do not rub areas that are frostbitten
  • Only give warm liquids to drink or food to eat if the person is fully conscious
  • Keep the affected areas warm to prevent re-freezing

Any additional tips?

Download the Red Cross first aid app to find helpful first aid tips including what to do for frostbite and hypothermia. Take a Red Cross first aid certification course with an approved training provider and learn what to do for all types of emergencies. Be prepared!

Contact

SOS First Aid and Safety Training services the following Southern Ontario communities: Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Mississauga, Oakville, Burlington, Milton, Guelph, Vaughan, Woodbridge, Maple, Richmond Hill, Brampton, Acton, Georgetown, Hamilton, Ancaster, Brantford, Stoney Creek, St. Catherines, and Welland.

Customer Reviews

Julie was the best instructor for standard first aid , very informative and easy to listen
Suhad Sa'doun
Suhad Sa'doun
I had a great experience with debbie at the kingbridge location She made it very easy to stay alert in the class That all students were able to receive her lessons she was amazing 👏
Kimberly Palmer
Kimberly Palmer
Jasen Devasagayam
Jasen Devasagayam
Great instructor
AsianDomination104
AsianDomination104
Great experience.Mario gave clear and detailed instructions that were easy to follow and remember. He was very professional and gave so much input than I expected. Would highly recommend!
Shiela Mae Arca
Shiela Mae Arca
Laziz Eibov
Laziz Eibov
Great instructor Mario! Thank you :)
Leila Yohannes
Leila Yohannes
Nanzala Anna
Nanzala Anna
Was a lot of fun while also providing the education and performance testing needed!! Mario was great!!
Hai Psycho
Hai Psycho
Mario is very knowledgeable. Mask fit testing went smoothly.
Kathryn Lantican
Kathryn Lantican
olubunmi olaoye
olubunmi olaoye
Mario was a great instructor. Thoroughly explained and provided a great learning experience!
Simran Sandhu
Simran Sandhu
I have amazing experience. My instructor explained everything very well and it was very easy for me to understand the whole process.
Gurkirat Kaur Grewal
Gurkirat Kaur Grewal
WANG RUXIN
WANG RUXIN
Wonderful class. Goi instructor daniel
Marlene Cromwell
Marlene Cromwell
Perfect 👍 teaching 👌
ese Dukuye
ese Dukuye
Daniel was great!! Everything was explained so well that I manage to score hundred percent
Zarah Ali
Zarah Ali
Mario was great! We had fun with our N95 activities!
Alieh Ramezani
Alieh Ramezani
Chirag Rangani
Chirag Rangani
The mask fit training was very informative and beneficial. I had a fun time attending the class and I feel confident in correctly fitting my mask for safety.
Acemark Pellos
Acemark Pellos
Zhanming Chang
Zhanming Chang
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Aline Chusl Fotso
Keirol Mallari
Keirol Mallari
Dawa Sherpa
Dawa Sherpa
Mario is excellent! Great job! Highly recommended!
Marsi Siobal
Marsi Siobal
It’s very good session…
sagar amin
sagar amin
I have very good experience here
sonu3115
sonu3115
It was good
Amandeep kaur
Amandeep kaur
Mario is very helpful and accommodating.
gurwinder dhanda
gurwinder dhanda
very quick and friendly instructor!
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Von Immanuel Yagong
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Barkat Khalid
Huang Yang
Huang Yang
Mario was missing Luigi. Perfect session very informative and straight to the point. Perfect session highly recommend.
Robert Rebelo
Robert Rebelo
GC Tobino
GC Tobino
Zantrav Motovin
Zantrav Motovin
genevieve gelinas
genevieve gelinas
I learnt a lot especially what to do when someone has got a snake bite.
Chidimma Onwughalu
Chidimma Onwughalu
Ally and Doug were great at explaining and teaching. They made the class fun and easy to understand. Loved it!
Samra s
Samra s
Navdeep Kaur
Navdeep Kaur
Wen Fan (Yvonne)
Wen Fan (Yvonne)
Went here three times already and I can confidently say that they deliver the most effective lesson for N95 certification. I had Mario as my lecturer and he was able to simplify and highlight important details on the use of N95's. Highly recommend
xkristiann (xkristiann)
xkristiann (xkristiann)
Excellent instructor
Manpy Sehmi
Manpy Sehmi
Araba Wood
Araba Wood
Marian De Villa
Marian De Villa
It was a splendid experience and very educative.
Kayla Asante
Kayla Asante
Great Mask-Fit session with Mario
Mel B
Mel B
Session was really informative and interactive. Mario has good humour and makes the session lively.
Polina Loukianenkova
Polina Loukianenkova
Mario was great. The session was informative and mario made it entertaining and enjoyable.
Ed de Vries
Ed de Vries
Jennifer Nana Arku-Entsie
Jennifer Nana Arku-Entsie
Great and engaging!!
Chidera Eleh
Chidera Eleh
Ally was absolutely the sweetest, most informative and great teacher, I have ever had. To have her patiently answer questions, while also providing real life examples that make it all better to understand! So smart! Loved it!
Leo Andruchovici
Leo Andruchovici
Elizabeth
Elizabeth
Mario is very friendly and approachable. Learned a lot from him. Never a dull moment during our lesson for N95. Good job!
Derlin Baywas
Derlin Baywas
Jasmeet Dulay
Jasmeet Dulay
A fun session
Shivangi Aatli
Shivangi Aatli
Quick and informative
Jahleen Reid
Jahleen Reid
Lima Siddiqi
Lima Siddiqi
It was very informative and Mario was a good instructor.
Witney Akowuah
Witney Akowuah
Very informative session!
Chelle Rubio
Chelle Rubio
Victoria Cuthbert
Victoria Cuthbert
For something I was dreading spending money on and doing, I actually ended up wanting more of and am looking forward to another opportunity to take more classes with SOS! Learning from Ally has been both enjoyable and inspiring. My classmates and I spent our break time discussing the material we learned and also how impressed we were with the content and delivery. We had all done the CPR and First Aide courses in the past, but all agreed this course was a game changer! We couldn’t thank Ally enough!
Jenna Bernard
Jenna Bernard
Ezinma Kingsley
Ezinma Kingsley
Mario was very informative and made the learning process enjoyable.
Sarah Byrne
Sarah Byrne
hyun been seo
hyun been seo
Very informative and proper courseJess was an amazing instructor
Arsany Maged
Arsany Maged
Jess was awesome! It was a very interactive and informative class. Easy to learn environment. Would definitely recommend SOS First Aid.
Ronak K
Ronak K
Marlon Murray
Marlon Murray
Learned how to provide the first aid.
Aiden Muliett
Aiden Muliett
Very good classAlly made it very fun
Justin Mancini
Justin Mancini
Peter Ayoub
Peter Ayoub
Prakash was very enjoyable approachable fun and supportive. He was very empathetic in his teaching and instruction and corrections. I had a very enjoyable and supportive experience with him in the classroom
joan rupram
joan rupram
I really enjoyed every time I spent throughout .
alonge segun
alonge segun
I did my first aid training for the first time and Karen was fun and so knowledgeable. Would do the training with them again for sure!!
Puneet Khangura
Puneet Khangura
Surprised that we weren’t bored out of our minds when we took the course
the filipinaa
the filipinaa
Our instructor Karen was amazing. Very knowledgeable. Highly recommended
Radesia Campbell
Radesia Campbell
Karen Parker is funny and smart and one of the best instructors I’ve came across ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
Silvester Nirmal
Silvester Nirmal
P Style
P Style
john modafferi
john modafferi
My name is janeka walsh and I wanted to say Ms viola is the besttt instructor ever !! Nice sweet and patient teacher ! I’m going to miss her
Tiffany Smith
Tiffany Smith
I recently attended a CPR training session led by an exceptional trainer PRAKASH. Whose ability to convey complex concepts with clarity and enthusiasm made the class both informative and enjoyable. His dynamic teaching style, coupled with real-life examples and hands-on approach, ensured that everyone was engaged and eager to learn. I highly recommend Prakash to anyone in search of CPR training.
MADIHA MONA
MADIHA MONA
It was a wonderful experience and the instructor was excellent in helping students understand the concepts
Viola
Viola
Girish Vaidhya
Girish Vaidhya
Tony Santos
Tony Santos
Najma Kazmi
Najma Kazmi
Mirnalinidevy Kumaravel
Mirnalinidevy Kumaravel
Instructor is excellent and course is very interesting 👍
Nirmalani Rasiah
Nirmalani Rasiah
brs F
brs F
This was a great first-aid class. I had instructor Patrick and he made class fun, interactive and informal at the same time. I recommend this course as I had a great time learning.
Parul 'v'
Parul 'v'
patrick was a W instructor!
Metokok plop
Metokok plop
It’s been an awesome training course delivered by Karen! The class was interactive and fun while she also shares some her amazing experiences. Thnx SOS and Karen!
Henry Limanto
Henry Limanto
Karen was a great trainer and kept the class fun
Keegan Brown
Keegan Brown
I had finished my training with Prakash.He is very knowledgeable person.He has cleared all my concepts about CPR and first aid.He is a great instructor.He really has done an amazing job in teaching this 2 day first aid and CPR course .Thanks.
Jaspreet Kaur
Jaspreet Kaur
Prakash is a great instructor! Knowledgable, passionate, engaging, and he made the class fun. He also discussed a lot of different scenarios that were challenging and made me think, and that caused me to really dig into what I learned online to provide the best answer. His teaching reminded me what the priority/most important thing in each scenario was, and that you have to assess each situation with careful consideration. Thank you, Prakash! I feel confident that I'll be able to help someone in any situation, minor or emergency. 😊
Melissa Gunther
Melissa Gunther
This is the First Aid course to be on board with.Ally led today’s instruction! What an amazing instructor who uses her teaching to cater to various learning styles and effectively gets the training done. So appreciative. Very grateful. Thank you!
Primrose Lewis
Primrose Lewis
Melissa
Melissa
Ms Ally, our instructor is so helpful, she lets us participate in the activity, she makes us feel relaxed, can be easily understood and can be easily approached. The place is clean and in order!! Thank you SOS!
Cristina Montefalcon
Cristina Montefalcon
Navreet was amazing! She explained everything in good detail and made the first Aid and CPR training a breeze!
Logic Is a Race
Logic Is a Race
Ally was awesome!!!
alex ibazeta
alex ibazeta
My two instructors today at 10 Kingsbridge Garden Circle reawaken the extreme importance of not just getting certified as a Firstaider but ensuring we left more confident and knowledgeable to help as needed. #nolongerabystander
GABRIELLE SAMUEL
GABRIELLE SAMUEL

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